All verses quoted herein are taken from the NASB.
- Paul preached the gospel of the Grace of God to the gentiles. When Paul was killed, who took over preaching the good news of the Grace of God?
The first question is one that I have seen before, but the answer is not as simple as might be suggested. One of the early Church leaders is mentioned by Paul in Philippians 4:3 and his name is Clement. He was said to have been born about the time Jesus was crucified. To say that he took up where Paul left off would be a stretch, but I will suggest you read from the following which is a good online reference for a history of the Church. I like this site because they subscribe to the inerrancy of Scripture:
- At what point were the Jews not able to be saved by the good news of the Kingdom of God, but could only be saved by the good news of the Grace of God?
The second question leads us directly to the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ which truly marks the beginning of the New Testament, and the Day of Pentecost marks the beginning of the New Testament Church as the Holy Spirit introduces Himself to the Church as recorded by Luke in the Book of Acts.
Jesus taught and preached to the Jews in and around Jerusalem for approximately 3½ years before His death, and His message concerned the Kingdom which was coming. Of course, in Matthew 24 He speaks clearly of the end-times in eschatological terms. The reason the Jews hated Jesus is that He introduced a new way of knowing God, at least to them. However, He spoke of Abraham who had an intimate relationship with the Father by faith. This was not new to them, but the one thing that challenged the Jewish leaders was Jesus claiming to be not only the Son of God but claiming, “I and the Father are One.” The context of this statement reads, “The Jews then gathered around Him, and were saying to Him, “How long will You keep us in suspense? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe; the works that I do in My Father’s name, these testify of Me. 26 But you do not believe because you are not of My sheep. 27 My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; 28 and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.” John 10:24-30 NASB. No doubt, they had been terribly upset with the conversation that Nicodemus had reported that he had with Jesus as recorded in John chapter 3 when Jesus said, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” John 3:16-18.
You see, Jesus introduced a new way to become acquainted with the Father for all of eternity which was not in keeping with the Torah directly. The Law, as we know and stated by Paul introduced people to sin and not to the love of God. Jesus, on the other hand, introduced people to the fullness of God as stated by Him, “So Jesus said to them again, “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. 8 All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them. 9 I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.” John 10:7-10. Jesus called it ‘the abundant life.’
The grace of God as the New Testament says it begins with the history of the early Church in Acts but is ‘fleshed out’ so to speak in the books that follow. However, in a nutshell, Paul gives us some clarification in Ephesian 2:4-10, “4 But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), 6 and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, 7 so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; 9 not as a result of works, so that no one may boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.”
Your second question requires much more detail than space allows here. May God bless you as you continue to seek the Truth found in the inerrant Word of God.
Jesus is Lord.