There is a difficult question concerning these 9 verses taken from the 28th chapter of Ezekiel. The question is, “Are these verses speaking of the fall of Satan?”
My interest is always found in the contextual study of the Word of God and this is no different. We MUST consider viewing the surrounding chapters of these verses chosen for study. Look here for some help, “‘Thus says the Lord God, “When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and will manifest My holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they will live in their land which I gave to My servant Jacob. They will live in it securely; and they will build houses, plant vineyards and live securely when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.”‘ Ezekiel 28:25-26 NASB.
I think the context views the future of Israel and that of the surrounding nations of Israel. There is no doubt this prophecy is not a mere restoration of Israel, but we find all nations and kingdoms including the Body of Christ. Everyone who knows God will be gathered in triumph over evil. The power of evil over the nations of the earth will be defeated by the eternal establishment of the Kingdom of Christ..
From Barnes Notes on Ezekiel 28:1 we read, “The prophecy against the prince of Tyre. Throughout the east the majesty and glory of a people were collected in the person of their monarch, who in some nations was worshiped as a god. The prince is here the embodiment of the community. Their glory is his glory, their pride his pride. The doom of Tyre could not be complete without denunciation of the prince of Tyre. Idolatrous nations and idolatrous kings were, in the eyes of the prophet, antagonists to the true God. In them was embodied the principle of evil opposing itself to the divine government of the world. Hence, some of the fathers saw upon the throne, not simply a hostile monarch, but “the Prince of this world, spiritual wickedness (or wicked spirits) in high places.” Whenever evil in any way dominates over good, there is a “prince of Tyrus,” against whom God utters His voice.”
You and I MUST understand the power of Satan, and God has already condemned him and will ultimately destroy him. But to answer your question concerning the insertion of Satan in Ezekiel 28:11-19 is a bit of a stretch for many as he is NOT mentioned except by implication, and the same holds true for Adam. Years ago a seminary professor said to a class I was attending, “We must remain silent when the Bible is silent and speak when the Word speaks.” We must be very, very careful by stating things that are ‘implied’ in the Inspired Text. While we study the Word of God we MUST avoid the temptation to insert assumptions into the purpose and meaning of what Ezekiel has written.
We could see these verses as a glimpse of the “New Jerusalem” coming down out of Heaven when Christ returns. There are many references concerning Mount Zion in the Old Testament. One that stands out is from Zechariah 8:1-8 we find these words, “Then the word of the Lord of hosts came, saying, 2 “Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘I am exceedingly jealous for Zion, yes, with great wrath I am jealous for her.’ 3 Thus says the Lord, ‘I will return to Zion and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Then Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth, and the mountain of the Lord of hosts will be called the Holy Mountain.’ 4 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘Old men and old women will again sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each man with his staff in his hand because of age. 5 And the streets of the city will be filled with boys and girls playing in its streets.’ 6 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘If it is too difficult in the sight of the remnant of this people in those days, will it also be too difficult in My sight?’ declares the Lord of hosts. 7 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘Behold, I am going to save My people from the land of the east and from the land of the west; 8 and I will bring them back and they will live in the midst of Jerusalem; and they shall be My people, and I will be their God in truth and righteousness.”
So, the end of Ezekiel is clearly talking about a time that has not yet happened. God’s people will indeed live securely in their own land, but this is talking about the end of days, the new heavens and earth. But let us go back to your question concerning Adam and Satan. I speak of context, and biblically speaking, I clearly understand how either Adam or Satan can be, and are, inserted into the text for prophetic reasons. It is interesting to see that Satan is, however, the motivating force behind the evil of the King of Tyre. F.B. Huey, Jr, a noted Hebrew Scholar identifies “four Hermeneutical options: 1) the ‘literal history’ of Satan’s fall; 2) the king of Tyre as “a satanic person”; 3) the king or kingdom of Tyer under judgment, couched in the language of the familiar paradise story; and 4) the fall of the king or kingdom of Tyer as parallel to the fall of Adam (and Eve). Layman’s Bible Book Commentary, vol. 12, Ezekiel, Daniel.
I do not find it erroneous to say that Satan’s fall is to be found in Ezekiel 28:11-19, but my inclusion of him within this text is somewhat difficult as I read the surrounding chapters. My answer is found in what I read and will say without hesitation that Satan is the source of the evil of the King of Tyre AND old Slewfoot is also the source of evil in the world.
Jesus is Lord.